Definition of organic farming

To define the concept of organic farming, we may refer to the definition developed by the Codex Alimentarius, on the basis of contribution from experts from all over the world. According to the Codex, organic farming involves holistic production management systems (for crops and livestock) emphasizing the use of management practices in preference to the use of off-farm inputs. This is accomplished by using, where possible, cultural, biological and mechanical methods in preference to synthetic materials.

The Codex guidelines* specify that an organic production system is designed to:


* Guidelines for the Production , Processing, Labelling and Marketing of Organically Produced Foods, Codex.